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Recognizes endogenous levels of DNMT3B protein.

SKU BW-BS67732-50ul
Original price $354.14 - Original price $616.38
Original price
$354.14
$354.14 - $616.38
Current price $354.14

Methylation of DNA at cytosine residues in mammalian cells is a heritable, epigenetic modification that is critical for proper regulation of gene expression, genomic imprinting and development. Three families of mammalian DNA methyltransferases have been identified: DNMT1, DNMT2, and DNMT3. DNMT1 is constitutively expressed in proliferating cells and functions as a maintenance methyltransferase, transferring proper methylation patterns to newly synthesized DNA during replication. DNMT3A and DNMT3B are strongly expressed in embryonic stem cells with reduced expression in adult somatic tissues. DNMT3A and DNMT3B function as de novo methyltransferases that methylate previously unmethylated regions of DNA. DNMT2 is expressed at low levels in adult somatic tissues and its inactivation affects neither de novo nor maintenance DNA methylation. DNMT1, DNMT3A, and DNMT3B together form a protein complex that interacts with histone deacetylases (HDAC1, HDAC2, Sin3A), transcriptional repressor proteins (RB, TAZ-1), and heterochromatin proteins (HP1, SUV39H1) to maintain proper levels of DNA methylation and facilitate gene silencing. Improper DNA methylation contributes to diseased states such as cancer. Hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands within tumor suppressor genes correlates with gene silencing and the development of cancer. In addition, hypomethylation of bulk genomic DNA correlates with and may contribute to the onset of cancer. DNMT1, DNMT3A, and DNMT3B are overexpressed in many cancers, including acute and chronic myelogenous leukemias, in addition to colon, breast, and stomach carcinomas.

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