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Recognizes endogenous levels of S6K1 protein.

SKU BW-BS67442-50ul
Original price $354.14 - Original price $616.38
Original price
$354.14
$354.14 - $616.38
Current price $354.14

p70 S6 kinase is a mitogen activated Ser/Thr protein kinase that is required for cell growth and G1 cell cycle progression . p70 S6 kinase phosphorylates the S6 protein of the 40S ribosomal subunit and is involved in translational control of 5' oligopyrimidine tract mRNAs. A second isoform, p85 S6 kinase, is derived from the same gene and is identical to p70 S6 kinase except for 23 extra residues at the amino terminus, which encode a nuclear localizing signal . Both isoforms lie on a mitogen activated signaling pathway downstream of phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI-3K) and the target of rapamycin, FRAP/mTOR, a pathway distinct from the Ras/MAP kinase cascade . The activity of p70 S6 kinase is controlled by multiple phosphorylation events located within the catalytic, linker and pseudosubstrate domains . Phosphorylation of Thr229 in the catalytic domain and Thr389 in the linker domain are most critical for kinase function . Phosphorylation of Thr389, however, most closely correlates with p70 kinase activity in vivo . Prior phosphorylation of Thr389 is required for the action of phosphoinositide 3-dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) on Thr229 . Phosphorylation of this site is stimulated by growth factors such as insulin, EGF and FGF, as well as by serum and some G-protein-coupled receptor ligands, and is blocked by wortmannin, LY294002 (PI-3K inhibitor) and rapamycin (FRAP/mTOR inhibitor) . Ser411, Thr421 and Ser424 lie within a Ser-Pro-rich region located in the pseudosubstrate region . Phosphorylation at these sites is thought to activate p70 S6 kinase via relief of pseudosubstrate suppression . Another LY294002 and rapamycin sensitive phosphorylation site, Ser371, is an in vitro substrate for mTOR and correlates well with the activity of a partially rapamycin resistant mutant p70 S6 kinase.

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